Wednesday, April 05, 2006

The Pianka Affair.

On March 31, young-Earth creationist Forrest Mims posted this account of a talk given by ecologist Eric Pianka before the Texas Academy of Sciences. According to Mims:


But there was a gravely disturbing side to that otherwise scientifically significant meeting, for I watched in amazement as a few hundred members of the Texas Academy of Science rose to their feet and gave a standing ovation to a speech that enthusiastically advocated the elimination of 90 percent of Earth's population by airborne Ebola. The speech was given by Dr. Eric R. Pianka (Fig. 1), the University of Texas evolutionary ecologist and lizard expert who the Academy named the 2006 Distinguished Texas Scientist.


Mims' account can be dismissed out of hand. There is no way a prominent scientist would call for mass murder by Ebola (both because no one would actually wish to see such a thing, and because anyone who did wouldn't be dumb enough to say it publicly). And if someone did advocate such a course, he would not receive a standing ovation for it from an important scientific group.

In the days following Pianka's comments it became clear that what he actually believes is that it is inevitable that overpopulation and overexploitation of the Earth's resources will lead to a catastrophic event for humanity, probably via a major outbreak of some disease. For example, he spells out his views very clearly in this brief essay. Also enlightening is this short article posted at the site of an NBC affiliate in Austin. It is also clear that he occasionally expresses himself a bit inartfully, but that there is no doubt about what he believes.

If you think that's the end of it, then you haven't fully appreciated just how thoroughly rotten many ID proponents are. William Dembski, for example, has done a slew of posts at his blog in which he slavishly accepts Mims' account in complete defiance of all evidence to the contrary. In this post, for instance, he boasts of calling the Department of Homeland Security to invesitgate Pianka. One suspects that Dembski doesn't believe for a second that Pianka is any threat to anyone. But in his sick little world such considerations are irrelevant.

According to this article from the Austin American-Statesman, Pianka is being interviewed by the FBI. It is unclear whether Dembski's antics had anything to with that. The article does contain this interesting nugget, however:


[Pianka] is particularly troubled by the recent explosion in the human population. He says we now take up about 50 percent of all livable space on Earth and that people should have no more than two children. Humans, and the way they've multiplied, are “no better than bacteria,” he says.

Such talk makes Forrest Mims' skin crawl.

Mims, an author and amateur scientist who heard Pianka speak in early March before the Texas Academy of Science, said Pianka's remarks were degrading and that he was deeply disturbed by Pianka's comments comparing different diseases and their potential to decimate the human race. He's one of dozens of bloggers who have expressed displeasure with Pianka's point of view.

A Gazette-Enterprise reporter who heard Pianka speak Friday on the same topic quoted him saying disease “will control the scourge of humanity. We're looking forward to a huge collapse.”

“It was 'Twilight Zone' material. It was like sitting in a science-fiction movie,” Mims said Tuesday, adding that he is worried young doctors and scientists with access to deadly diseases might take literally what he claims is a call by Pianka to control population growth through the spread of disease. “The big concern is this professor is instilling this in the minds of students.”


Let's take the comments of that unnamed reporter first. Even the little out-of-context snippets presented here seem perefectly clear. The scourge of humanity refers to the incredible overexploitation of the Earth's resources by short-sighted people. And Pianka is not looking forward to a huge collapse in the same way that my students are looking forward to summer vacation. Rather, he is saying that such collapse is inevitable unless we change our ways.

Don't believe any blogger or commenter who claims to interpret those phrases to mean that Pianka hates human beings and longs to see them die horrible deaths. Everyone understands that Pianka does not believe that.

As for Mims, he's rather given himself away here. Pianka speaks bluntly about subjects that make him squeamish and uncomfortable. So Mims writes a dishonest hatchet job about Pianka's talk, and spins ridiculous scenarios about young medical students moved to mass murder by Pianka's ideas. Right. And Pianka's the crazy one?

Meanwhile, in the comments to this post by P.Z. Myers, we find this:


I took Evolutionary Ecology from Dr. Pianka a few years ago. He'd frequently get sidetracked onto:

  1. Cool Australian lizards.
  2. His buffalo.
  3. How much he disliked his neighbors who kept killing rattlesnakes.
  4. How some horrible disease is going to wipe out huge chunks of the population any year now, and how pleased he will be when that happens.

So, yep, sounds like Dr. Pianka to me. The quotes in the article all sound pretty familiar.


Similar comments have been posted elsewhere.

Does point number four contradict what I have said previously? Of course not. You see, we simply start from the premise that Pianka is sane and reason to the conclusion that he will not be happy when civilization as we know it collapses for lack of people to keep it going.

So why would he make statements that could be interpreted otherwise? It has been suggested elsewhere that Pianka was joking, but I don't think that's really the best way of putting it. I suspect that in context Pianka was expressing his frustration at the dominant political culture in this country. The tone with which he made these statements is lost when you see them printed on the page. I'm willing to bet that no one who actually heard him make such a remark really pictured him happily eating popcorn on his front porch while his neighbors were dropping dead around him because of some dread disease.

We live in a society in which expressing the perfectly sensible opinions that we are havresting the Earth's resources at an alarming rate, and that if we don't control our numbers nature will find a way of doing it for us, immediately gets you branded as an environmentalist wacko or a left-wing extremist. You are called anti-capitalist, and probably anti-American. If in addition you happen to be a college professor while making those points, you will be accused of indoctrinating impressionable students (who apparently should be taught simply that unchecked, voracious consumption is a marvelous thing). You will be used as an example of the insanity of modern academe.

I'd bet real money that on those occasions where Pianka appeared happy about the looming downfall of humanity he was merely expressing his frustration at the unwillingness of people to think about the unsustainability of our way of life. What pleasure he was expressing was at the thought of arrogant, short-sighted people getting their comeuppance for not heeding his warnings.

Which leaves only one question. Is he right? Is humanity headed for a major population “correction”? Will it come in the form of a plague?

I don't know. But it looks to me like in much of the world famine, tsunamis, violent weather, genocide and war are already doing their part to control the world population. We may not need a virus to force us to change our ways.

75 Comments:

At 8:36 PM, Anonymous John M said...

Hmmmm.

How does the suppossed glee of Pianka talking about an pandemic killing billions of people compare with the glee with which the rabid religious right prophesize what will happen to us in the "Rapture" or the Apocolypse?

 
At 10:29 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Pianka's essay makes it pretty clear how he feels,
in the very first sentence and near the end:
---
I have two grandchildren and I want them to inherit a stable Earth.

I do not bear any ill will toward humanity.
---

I've seen so many estimates of what population the
earth can sustain - from millions to trillions. I'm
mindful of Malthus, but also that limits do exist.
In this case, it sounds too dramatic for me.
But what do I know - I'm just behaving like bacteria.

 
At 10:33 PM, Blogger Evan said...

Hey Austin Texas! Come for our scientists, stay for our newspaper.

Personally I think an asteroid would be merciful. Anyone who does not think we are heading directly for the precipice at high speed has got the blinders on, a marsh mellow in each, and their head in the sand.

But wait, a ray of sunshine? Congress debates the energy efficiency of ceiling fans(http://www.boston.com/news/local/massachusetts/articles/2005/04/12/ceiling_fan_debate_highlights_controversy_over_energy_efficiency/)?

Thank Jeebus! Were saved! Not 'saved' but hey...is that a plasma TV over there...

 
At 9:06 AM, Blogger DMcKeon said...

Jason,

The irony is that the population "correction" (correction is a despicable term by the way) is primarily happening in countries that are not capitalist, consumerist, type of societies. Places where genocide (Darfur) or tsuanamis (Indonesia) or earthquakes (Pakistan) are occuring are in impoverished regions. These places are poor and can't, or don't, build adequate structures (whether paying independent police, implementing viable building codes or shelter, etc.) to prevent these things. The causes of these failed structures are usually a combo of economic, cultural, educational, moral, and religious factors.

The people who are victims of "nature" are not generally using a high proportion of the world's natural resources to begin with. The typical diatribe against consumerism comes from those who decry the homogeneity of our American culture. In any event consumerism usually only happens in an economically advanced society. I've known many people from places with non-capitalist or tribal economic systems who came here. I assure you that those I know enjoy their outings to Starbucks, Applebees, or the Mall compared with the horrific things they've seen in their host countries whether through the hands of man or from the acts of God through nature.

I'm personally not off the charts in terms of being PRO-consumerism. I just think the excesses of consumerism stems from the shallowness of modern life in the west at this point in our history. I don't see consumerism as the cause of homogeneity or shallowness. It's more the result of it. People have no real ultimate purpose in life. All we have is very narrow personal purposes. How could gratifying our desires and the endless elevation of personal freedoms and imaginary rights not lead to consumerism? Can you honestly make a case that for many "post-Christian" westerners self control is preferable to pleasure seeking? If you're around students you should probably realize this even more clearly than I do.

-Dennis

 
At 10:46 AM, Blogger caerbannog666 said...


How does the suppossed glee of Pianka talking about an pandemic killing billions of people compare with the glee with which the rabid religious right prophesize what will happen to us in the "Rapture" or the Apocolypse?


A major difference is that when Pianka speculates about an overpopulation-induced "human apocalypse", he knows that he may suffer the consequences along with everyone else.

Compare that with the fact that the Rapturites believe (smugly) that only *other* people will suffer the consequences of their desired "Apocalypse".

So those who hold Pianka's views have every incentive to work to prevent an apocalypse. Those who hold Rapturite views have every incentive to *encourage* an apocalypse.

Now, which group should be considered the greater threat to humanity?

 
At 1:27 PM, Anonymous Doormat said...

Slightly off topic: why do people get *so* worked up when anyone brings up over-population. It seems like there is some sympathy for views that we should consume less, and drive less etc. (or, even if people disagree, the argument is often "well, we don't really need to do that"). However, bring up over-population, and, even if you don't mention any corollaries of this (like birth control etc.) many people seem to react as if you've just suggested the Nazi's were onto something good. It's as if to mention over-population is itself sinful or something! I really don't understand this reaction, but it does seem to make population control the elephant-in-the-corner of sustainability debates.

And, it might explain this over-reaction to Pianka's speech. I would bet than many ID supporters would view mention of over-population as sacriligous in itself, never mind talking about possible consequences.

 
At 3:15 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

How does the suppossed glee of Pianka talking about an pandemic killing billions of people compare with the glee with which the rabid religious right prophesize what will happen to us in the "Rapture" or the Apocolypse?

Or how fundamentalists teach their children that some barbaric God wiped out everyone on earth - man, woman and children - in a flood, save for Noah and his family. To say nothing of the other barbaric atroicities committed by their God in the Old Testament. Talk about selective outrage.

 
At 3:21 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

The irony is that the population "correction" (correction is a despicable term by the way) is primarily happening in countries that are not capitalist, consumerist, type of societies.

Maybe you should visit these countries some day. Even as we speak, First World countries are raping the resources of Third World countries.

Logic should tell you that a limited resource has limits. To pretend otherwise is to live in a fantasy land.

In the US, Congress is often reactive. And, for a great many things, a reactive public policy works (mostly). But, this is one area where a reactive policy will not work. When enough people complain about high energy costs due to dwindling supplies, to react at that point is too late. It's high time for people to stop being so self-centered and pleasure seeking and start balancing it with an awareness to what EACH OF THEM is doing to the Earth.

I've seen people in work throw a plastic bottle in a trash can, even as a plastic recycle bin was right next it. To say nothing of people leaving their computer monitors on when they go home. Where is the awareness? Where is the conscience?

 
At 6:38 PM, Anonymous Matt S said...

How does the suppossed glee of Pianka talking about an pandemic killing billions of people compare with the glee with which the rabid religious right prophesize what will happen to us in the "Rapture" or the Apocolypse?

In Pianka's scenario, we all suffer the consquences our actions. The Rapture folks' scenario is a little different in that they get to ultimate vindication, ascend to heaven and watch the rest of us rot in hell all the while chanting, "I told you so." Why would the zealots ever be happy about that?

 
At 8:55 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

My state has recycling bins, but no alumninum recycling plants. It doesn't ship said aluminum out of state for recycling, so the point of putting the cans in the recycling bin is...what? To make me feel good? It has no effect.

Putting things in recycling bins and feeling you've done your part isn't enough -- know whether they really get recycled in your area, what resources are consumed/pollutants produced in the recycling process, how much fossil fuel is burned in transporting the recyclables to distant recycling plants, and lobby for change if necessary.

Recycling as it stands now is a stopgap; reusing and conservation are better; sustainability is the goal.

I agree that Pianka does not seem gleeful, but I have had professors in the past who were gleefully looking forward to natural disaster (one in particular can't wait for Yellowstone to blow -- and despite being a geologist, actually thinks it will any day now. Mind, he subscribes to a version of supposedly-Hopi shamanism that is somewhat Rapture-like).

 
At 9:47 PM, Anonymous Kevin from NYC said...

Actually, I think that a reduction of the human population on the order of 50-75% would be a good thing for the planet.

 
At 9:11 AM, Blogger Mark said...

I once jokingly said, in a discussion, that perhaps we need to breed a carnivorous cow to keep the human population in check. My ecology prof replied, it's not necessary--we have lots of people providing the same function.

 
At 12:41 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

online fundraisingcomo ganhar dinheiro na internetButte Creek watershed experiences a Mediterranean climate, and receives between 35 and 80 inches (890 and 2,000 mm) of precipitation annually. Most precipitation occurs between November and March.[5][22][25] Nine percent of the watershed's surface runoff is collected from rain, 35 percent from rain on snow, and 56 percent from snow.[23] The watershed contains the largest groundwater source in the entire Rogue River basin; one major outlet is at Big Butte Springs.[5] Temperatures range from 10 °F (−12 °C) in the winter to 100 °F (38 °C) in the summer.

 
At 10:38 AM, Blogger aloxo said...

annonce gartuitewhite gold charmsIn the early 1970s, James appeared with Diahann Carroll in a film called Claudine, the story of a woman who raises her six children alone after two failed marriages and one "almost" marriage. Ruppert, played by Jones, is a garbage man who has deep problems of his own. The couple somehow overcomes each other's pride and stubbornness and get married.

 
At 1:43 AM, Blogger aloxo said...

herbal vaporizerscopywriting for seo After shooting was completed, a season-ending cast party was planned; however, McLean Stevenson left the set almost immediately after the end of filming, and the party was canceled due to the poor mood of the cast. Stevenson would later state in an interview that he was deeply hurt that his character's death was revealed just prior, and the party was "ruined."[4] Gelbart later said of the event, "I wish we could say to him, 'We didn't mean it, Mac.

 
At 2:04 PM, Blogger 12345 said...

online counselingReliability engineering consultingIn the Season 10 episode "Promotion Commotion", Rizzo was one of three 4077th enlisted that appeared before a promotion board consisting of Hawkeye, B.J., and Winchester. He was not promoted, but made it clear that he was American "with an American wife and American children." In 10/21 his first name is given as "Wilson".

 
At 1:44 PM, Blogger 25251325 said...

Fisher Space penselectric bicycle kitUniversity was named a chancellor from at least 1201, and the masters were recognised as a universitas or corporation in 1231. The students associated together on the basis of geographical origins, into two “nations”, representing the North (including the Scots) and the South (including the Irish and the Welsh). In later centuries, geographical origins continued to influence many students' affiliations when membership of a college or hall became customary in Oxford.

 
At 3:49 PM, Blogger 25251325 said...

cannabis vaporizersreplica rolex submariner In 1890, the British accepted the full formal imposition of a French protectorate on the island, but French authority was not acknowledged by the government of Madagascar. To force capitulation, the French bombarded and occupied the harbor of Toamasina on the east coast, and Mahajanga on the west coast, in December 1894 and January 1895 respectively.

 
At 10:06 AM, Blogger simson11 said...

foods to help lose weight
replica breitling watch

 
At 4:30 PM, Blogger yeu_yeu said...

The land area of the contiguous United States is approximately 1,900 million acres (7,700,000 km2). Alaska, separated from the contiguous United States by Canada, is the largest state at 365 million acres (1,480,000 km2). Hawaii, occupying an archipelago in the central Pacific, southwest of North America, has just over 4 million acres (16,000 km2).
bedroom furniture bed

Ionised Water

 
At 4:53 PM, Blogger yeu_yeu said...

By the 4th and 5th centuries, the Gupta Empire had created in the greater Ganges Plain a complex system of administration and taxation that became a model for later Indian kingdoms.[41][42] Under the Guptas, a renewed Hinduism based on devotion rather than the management of ritual began to assert itself.[43] The renewal was reflected in a flowering of sculpture and architecture, which found patrons among an urban elite.[42] Classical Sanskrit literature flowered as well, and Indian science, astronomy, medicine, and mathematics made significant advances.
annexe

it support los angeles

 
At 4:47 PM, Blogger yeu_yeu said...

Native Americans suffered high fatalities from the contact with infectious Eurasian diseases, to which they had no acquired immunity. Epidemics after European contact caused the greatest loss of life for indigenous populations. Estimates of the pre-Columbian population of what today constitutes the U.S. vary significantly, ranging from 1 million to 18 million
queda de cabelo feminino

Middle East Business Directory

 
At 4:56 PM, Blogger yeu_yeu said...

According to the theory of the Settlement of the Americas, migrations of humans from Eurasia to the Americas took place via Beringia, a land bridge which formerly connected the two continents across what is now the Bering Strait. The number and composition of the migrations is still being debated.
car rental indianapolis

6 month braces

 
At 5:08 PM, Blogger yeu_yeu said...

The Woodland period of North American pre-Columbian cultures refers to the time period from roughly 1000 BCE to 1000 CE in the eastern part of North America. The term "Woodland" was coined in the 1930s and refers to prehistoric sites dated between the Archaic period and the Mississippian cultures. The Hopewell tradition is the term used to describe common aspects of the Native American culture that flourished along rivers in the northeastern and midwestern United States from 200 BCE to 500 CE.
Dentist Portland

Income Insurance

 
At 2:53 PM, Blogger yeu_yeu said...

Eisenhower administration's desire for an anti-communist state in the region.[95] The domino theory, which argued that if one country fell to communism, then all of the surrounding countries would follow, was first proposed as policy by the Eisenhower administration.[98] It was, and is still, commonly hypothesized that it applied to Vietnam. John F. Kennedy, then a U.S. Senator, said in a speech to the American Friends of Vietnam: "Burma, Thailand, India, Japan, the Philippines and obviously Laos and Cambodia are among those whose security would be threatened if the Red Tide of Communism overflowed into Vietnam."
Buy Phen375

chauffeured cars sydney

 
At 3:04 PM, Blogger yeu_yeu said...

President Eisenhower noted that had the Geneva Accords been held, "possibly 80 percent of the population would have voted for Communist Ho Chi Minh" and the government quickly became more repressive and unpopular. The Diem government had largely failed in implementing a land reform program for the peasants of South Vietnam (90% of the population) which along with "Peace, security, freedom, [and] their standard of living" was the peasants' prime concern according to specialist Philippe Devillers.
sofa sydney

MLS

 
At 1:57 PM, Blogger yeu_yeu said...

These priests often worked outside their temples, hiring out their magical services to laymen. Other professions also commonly employed magic as part of their work, including doctors, scorpion-charmers, and makers of magical amulets. It is also likely that the peasantry used simple magic for their own purposes, but because this magical knowledge would have been passed down orally
relogios importados

Madison chiropractor

 
At 2:11 PM, Blogger yeu_yeu said...

This resulted in a complex pantheon in which some deities remained only locally important while others developed more universal significance.[107] As the time changed and the shifting of the empires changed like the middle kingdom, new kingdom, and old kingdom, usually the religion followed stayed within the border of that territory.
John Greed Voucher Codes

catering brisbane

 
At 2:28 PM, Blogger yeu_yeu said...

Aten was worshiped over all other gods. Aten was not solely worshiped (the religion was not monotheistic), however, it was close as the rest of the gods were worshiped to a significantly lesser degree. The Egyptian pantheon of the equality of all gods and goddesses was restored under Akhenaten's successor. Other rulers of this period include Amenhotep III, Smenkhkare, Neferneferuaten, Tutankhamun, Ay, and Horemheb.
holidays to barbados

dating women

 
At 4:50 PM, Blogger aloalo said...

The road network and automobile industry[95] remained underdeveloped,[96] and dirt roads were common outside major cities.[97] Soviet maintenance projects proved unable to take care of even the few roads the country had. By the early-to-mid-1980s, the Soviet authorities tried to solve the road problem by ordering the construction of new ones.[97] Meanwhile, the automobile industry was growing at a faster rate than road construction.[98] The underdeveloped road network led to a growing demand for public transport.[
cubicle furniture

Gap Year Thailand

 
At 6:02 PM, Blogger aloalo said...

In 1933, parting with Moura Budberg, Gorky edited an infamous book about the White Sea-Baltic Canal, presented as an example of "successful rehabilitation of the former enemies of proletariat". With the increase of Stalinist repression and especially after the assassination of Sergei Kirov in December 1934, Gorky was placed under unannounced house arrest in his house near Moscow.
Small Business Website

Ashland City Criminal Lawyer

 
At 2:28 PM, Blogger yeu_yeu said...

Wi-Fi Protected Access encryption (WPA2) is considered secure, provided a strong passphrase is used. New protocols for quality-of-service (WMM) make Wi-Fi more suitable for latency-sensitive applications (such as voice and video). Power saving mechanisms (WMM Power Save) extend battery life.
OHSAS 18000

iain miller

 
At 3:35 PM, Blogger yeu_yeu said...

century by European philosophers and idealists. Greece also generated many cultural contributions: in philosophy, humanism and rationalism under Aristotle, Socrates and Plato; in history with Herodotus and Thucydides; in dramatic and narrative verse, starting with the epic poems of Homer;[36] and in science with Pythagoras, Euclid and Archimedes.
breitling watches replica

how to franchise

 
At 3:47 PM, Blogger yeu_yeu said...

In the 11th and 12th centuries, constant incursions by nomadic Turkic tribes, such as the Pechenegs and the Kipchaks, caused a massive migration of Slavic populations to the safer, heavily forested regions of the north.[56] Like many other parts of Eurasia, these territories were overrun by the Mongols.[57] The invaders, later known as Tatars, formed the state of the Golden Horde, which ruled the southern and central expanses of Russia for over three centuries.
buy photos online

tree services

 
At 12:12 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

Tirpitz stated that the navy was "a question of survival" for Germany.[2] He also viewed Great Britain, with its powerful Royal Navy, as the primary threat to Germany. In a discussion with the Kaiser during his first month in his post as State Secretary, he stated that "for Germany the most dangerous naval enemy at present is England."[3] Tirpitz theorized that an attacking fleet would require a 33 percent advantage in strength to achieve victory, and so decided that a 2:3 ratio would be required for the German navy. For a final total of 60 German battleships, Britain would be required to build 90 to meet the 2:3 ratio envisioned by Tirpitz.
dating site reviews

concierge services brisbane

 
At 11:29 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

Colonial administration in the occupied areas — the so-called régime du sabre (government of the sword) — was placed under a governor general, a high-ranking army officer invested with civil and military jurisdiction, who was responsible to the minister of war. Marshall Bugeaud, who became the first governor-general, headed the conquest, making a systemic use of torture and following a "scorched earth" policy.
Extended Auto Warranty

Best credit card applications

 
At 3:19 PM, Blogger aloalo said...

For example in Māori, the plural pronouns are: mātou (we, exc), tātou (we, inc), koutou (you), rātou (they). The difference between exclusive and inclusive is the treatment of the person addressed. Mātou refers to the speaker and others but not the person or persons spoken to (i.e., "I and some others, but not you"), while tātou refers to the speaker, the person or persons spoken to, and everyone else (i.e., "You and I and others").
replicas de relogios importados

Fort Collins Chiropractor

 
At 5:04 PM, Blogger aloalo said...

Edward Teach (c. 1680 – 22 November 1718), better known as Blackbeard, was a notorious English pirate who operated around the West Indies and the eastern coast of the American colonies. Although little is known about his early life, he was probably born in Bristol
catering brisbane

Descargar Programas Gratis

 
At 5:06 PM, Blogger aloalo said...

Hornigold placed him in command of a sloop he had captured, and the two engaged in numerous acts of piracy. Their numbers were boosted by the addition to their fleet of two more ships, one of which was commanded by Stede Bonnet, but toward the end of 1717 Hornigold retired from piracy, taking two vessels with him.
catering brisbane

Descargar Programas Gratis

 
At 3:39 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

Uranus has an axial tilt of 97.77 degrees, so its axis of rotation is approximately parallel with the plane of the Solar System. This gives it seasonal changes completely unlike those of the other major planets. Other planets can be visualized to rotate like tilted spinning tops on the plane of the Solar System, while Uranus rotates more like a tilted rolling ball. Near the time of Uranian solstices, one pole faces the Sun continuously while the other pole faces away.
>internet marketing fort lauderdale

orange county reverse mortgage

 
At 11:59 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

The Uranian satellite system is the least massive among the gas giants; indeed, the combined mass of the five major satellites would be less than half that of Triton alone.[9] The largest of the satellites, Titania, has a radius of only 788.9 km, or less than half that of the Moon, but slightly more than Rhea, the second largest moon of Saturn, making Titania the eighth largest moon in the Solar System. The moons have relatively low albedos
replicas de relogios audemars piguet

دايت

 
At 4:08 PM, Blogger aloalo said...

within an operational time frame of the year 2025. In addition to the goal of lowering the price tag to $100 per pound by 2025, developing space transportation systems are to be safer by a factor of 10,000 compared to present day launch vehicles. These true space liners of the future could take off from aerospace ports accommodating both air and space vehicles. As the next step beyond NASA's X-33, X-34 and X-37 flight demonstrators, these advanced technologies would move space transportation closer to an airline style of operations with horizontal takeoffs and landings, quick turnaround times and small ground support crews
pet carrier

holiday villa rentals

 
At 5:19 PM, Blogger aloalo said...

Earth's internal heat comes from a combination of residual heat from planetary accretion (about 20%) and heat produced through radioactive decay (80%).[83] The major heat-producing isotopes in the Earth are potassium-40, uranium-238, uranium-235, and thorium-232.[84] At the center of the planet, the temperature may be up to 7,000 K and the pressure could reach 360 GPa.[85] Because much of the heat is provided by radioactive decay, scientists surmise that early in Earth history, before isotopes with short half-lives had been depleted
Is Proactol Plus Safe?

search jobs online

 
At 11:37 PM, Blogger aloalo said...

The Cure recorded Disintegration at Hook End Manor Studios in Reading, Berkshire, with co-producer David M. Allen from late 1988 to early 1989. In spite of Fiction's fears that the album would be "commercial suicide", Disintegration became the band's commercial peak. It charted at number three in the United Kingdom and at number twelve in the United States, and produced several hit singles including
orlando orthodontists

first date advice

 
At 5:27 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

The topmost decision-making body of the WTO is the Ministerial Conference, which usually meets every two years. It brings together all members of the WTO, all of which are countries or customs unions. The Ministerial Conference can take decisions on all matters under any of the multilateral trade agreements. The inaugural ministerial conference was held in Singapore in 1996. Disagreements between largely developed and developing economies emerged during this conference over four issues initiated by this conference, which led to them being collectively referred to as the "Singapore issues".
Online Diary

Baja Real Estate

 
At 6:20 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

A country wishing to accede to the WTO submits an application to the General Council, and has to describe all aspects of its trade and economic policies that have a bearing on WTO agreements.[51] The application is submitted to the WTO in a memorandum which is examined by a working party open to all interested WTO Members
soy lecithin powder food grade

Microlon engine treatment

 
At 10:30 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

He was also in an episode of South Park, in which he battles "Mecha" Barbra Streisand in a battle that completely destroys the town of South Park. Smith looks very similar to Mothra of the Godzilla movies, but has the ability of "robot punch" to take out the "Godzilla (Mecha) version" of Streisand. In one scene, he offers to roshambo Cartman in order to get his Walkie-Talkie back, and immediately kicks Cartman in the groin, causing him to drop the walkie-talkie. At the end of the episode as Smith walks off into the sunset, Kyle remarks "Disintegration is the best album ever!" In recording the lines for the episode
Insulated Metal Panels

benefits of alkaline water

 
At 4:12 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

he Treaty of Waitangi was first signed in the Bay of Islands on 6 February 1840.[39] In response to the commercially run New Zealand Company's attempts to establish an independent settlement in Wellington[40] and French settlers "purchasing" land in Akaroa,[41] Hobson declared British sovereignty over all of New Zealand on 21 May 1840, even though copies of the Treaty were still circulating.[42] With the signing of the Treaty and declaration of sovereignty the number of immigrants, particularly from the United Kingdom, began to increase.
Affordable AV Equipment and Office Furniture from HON, Lorell, Safco and Alera

alopecia cure

 
At 5:34 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

Japan, China, and the United Kingdom.[128] On 7 April 2008, New Zealand and China signed the New Zealand China Free Trade Agreement, the first such agreement China has signed with a developed country.[199][200] The service sector is the largest sector in the economy, followed by manufacturing and construction and then farming and raw material extraction.[128] Tourism plays a significant role in New Zealand's economy, contributing $15.0 billion to New Zealand’s total GDP and supporting 9.6 percent of the total workforce in 2010.[201] International visitors to New Zealand increased by 3.1 percent in the year to October 2010[202] and are expected to increase at a rate of 2.5 percent annually up to 2015
water ionizer

workopportunity

 
At 7:29 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

Today's featured article

The invasion of Tulagi, on 3–4 May 1942, was part of Operation Mo, the Empire of Japan's strategy in the South Pacific and South West Pacific Area in 1942. The plan called for Imperial Japanese Navy troops to capture Tulagi and nearby islands in the Solomon Islands Protectorate. The occupation of Tulagi by the Japanese was intended to cover the flank of and provide reconnaissance support for Japanese forces that were advancing on Port Moresby in New Guinea, provide greater defensive depth for the major Japanese base at Rabaul, and serve as a base for Japanese forces to threaten and interdict the supply and communication routes between the United States and Australia and New Zealand. Without the means to capably resist the Japanese offensive in the Solomons, the British Resident Commissioner and the few Australian
Sony Vaio Cs P8600

character animation package

 
At 7:38 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

Solomon Islands (/ˈsɒləmən ˈaɪləndz/ ( listen)[3]) is a sovereign state in Oceania, east of Papua New Guinea, consisting of nearly one thousand islands. It covers a land mass of 28,400 square kilometres (11,000 sq mi). The capital, Honiara, is located on the island of Guadalcanal. The nation of the Solomon Islands is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
water ionizer

reseau de rencontre

 
At 7:39 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

Solomon Islands (/ˈsɒləmən ˈaɪləndz/ ( listen)[3]) is a sovereign state in Oceania, east of Papua New Guinea, consisting of nearly one thousand islands. It covers a land mass of 28,400 square kilometres (11,000 sq mi). The capital, Honiara, is located on the island of Guadalcanal. The nation of the Solomon Islands is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
water ionizer

reseau de rencontre

 
At 4:52 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

Territory, they largely leave areas of high humidity in the summer wet season.[42] In other parts of the country cockatoo seasonal movements tend to follow food sources, a pattern recorded in Northern Queensland,[43][44] and New South Wales. In southwest Western Australia, both extant subspecies appear to have a north-south pattern; northwards after breeding in the case of subspecies naso,[45] while movements by subspecies samueli in the wheatbelt can be irregular and unrelated to the seasons
Car Warranty

Rent Cars

 
At 10:59 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

NCR tracks and Sparks Road. Philopolis was the site of the Milton Academy, a well known private day and boarding school for boys. Of note is the fact that one of the school's students was John Wilkes Booth. The Milton Academy stands today along York Road in Sparks and serves as one of the region's finest restaurants, an establishment that is known as the Milton Inn. Wallace Warfield Simpson, better known as the Duchess of Windsor, and the Princess of Jordan, graduated from the nearby Oldfields School, a private boarding school for young women. Also located in the area that was originally known as Sparks (along Sparks Road) was a blacksmith and a wheelwright shop, an undertaker
1911 rifle

water ionizer

 
At 11:09 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

Ojibwe language, perhaps in the Ottawa dialect, and modified into ilinwe· (pluralized as ilinwe·k). These forms were then borrowed into French, where the /we/ ending acquired the spelling -ois. The current form, Illinois, began to appear in the early 1670s. The Illinois' name for themselves, as attested in all three of the French missionary-period dictionaries of Illinois, was Inoka, of unknown meaning and unrelated to the other terms.[
Oakville Condos For Sale

yiwu agent

 
At 11:30 PM, Blogger aloalo said...

Lahore is referred to as the cultural heart of Punjab as it hosts most of the arts, cuisine, festivals, film-making, music, gardening and intelligentsia of the country. Known for its affiliation with poets and artists, it has the largest number of educational institutions in Punjab and some of the finest gardens on the continent.[4] Lahore has always been a center for publications, where 80 percent of Punjab's books are published and remains the foremost
Long Evening Dress

White Rock Real Estate

 
At 11:53 PM, Blogger aloalo said...

The sultan took Lahore after a long siege and battle in which the city was torched and depopulated. In 1021, Sultan Mahmud appointed Malik Ayaz to the throne and made Lahore the capital of the Ghaznavid Empire of India. As the first Muslim governor of Lahore, Ayaz rebuilt and repopulated the city. He added many important features, such as city gates and a masonry fort, built in 1037–1040
alkaline water

meet friends

 
At 12:22 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

Lahore's prison was used by the British to detain revolutionary freedom fighters. Noted freedom fighter Jatin Das died in Lahore's prison after fasting for 63 days in protest of British treatment of political prisoners. One of the greatest martyrs in the history of Indian independence, Shaheed Sardar Bhagat Singh, was hanged here.
car hire spain

HID

 
At 6:45 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

However there was opposition from both Muslim and Hindu elements who complained that the new procedures for census-taking and registration threatened to uncover female privacy. Purdah rules prohibited women from saying their husband's name or having their photograph taken. An all-India census was conducted between 1868 and 1871, often using total numbers of females in a household rather than individual names. Select groups which the Raj reformers wanted to monitor statistically included those reputed to practice female infanticide,
alkaline water

Best Quality Essential Oil Aromatherapy Diffusers

 
At 7:02 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

manage it. In the First World War, the railways were used to transport troops and grains to the ports of Bombay and Karachi en route to Britain, Mesopotamia, and East Africa. With shipments of equipment and parts from Britain curtailed, maintenance became much more difficult; critical workers entered the army; workshops
Worksheets for literacy

Air Conditioner Installation Dallas

 
At 7:10 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

Independence. Christensen (1996) looks at of colonial purpose, local needs, capital, service, and private-versus-public interests. He concludes that making the railways a creature of the state hindered success because railway expenses had to go through the same time-consuming and political budgeting process as did all other state expenses. Railway costs could therefore not be tailored to the timely needs of the railways or their passengers
Edmonton apartments for rent

Houston Tummy Tuck

 
At 7:19 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

It was, however, Viceroy Lord Ripon's partial reversal of the Ilbert Bill (1883), a legislative measure that had proposed putting Indian judges in the Bengal Presidency on equal footing with British ones, that transformed the discontent into political action.[63] On December 28, 1885, professionals and intellectuals from this middle-class—many educated at the new British-founded universities in Bombay, Calcutta, and Madras, and familiar with the ideas of British political philosophers, especially the utilitarians assembled in Bombay. The seventy men
marbella property news

copyshop

 
At 7:38 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

By 1905 a deep gulf opened between the moderates, led by Gokhale, who downplayed public agitation, and the new "extremists" who not only advocated agitation, but also regarded the pursuit of social reform as a distraction from nationalism. Prominent among the extremists was Bal Gangadhar Tilak, who attempted to mobilise Indians by appealing to an explicitly Hindu political
Energy Saving Light Bulbs

mindfulness

 
At 8:03 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

The first steps were taken toward self-government in British India in the late 19th century with the appointment of Indian counsellors to advise the British viceroy and the establishment of provincial councils with Indian members; the British subsequently widened participation in legislative councils with the Indian Councils Act of 1892. Municipal Corporations and
photo decoration interieur

help to lose weight

 
At 8:34 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

In an age of increasing urban wealth, both religions held up renunciation as an ideal,[33] and both established long-lasting monasteries.[27] Politically, by the 3rd century BCE, the kingdom of Magadha had annexed or reduced other states to emerge as the Mauryan Empire.[27] The empire was once thought to have controlled most of the subcontinent excepting the far south, but its core regions are now thought to have been separated by large autonomous areas.[34][35] The Mauryan kings are known as much for their empire-building and determined management of public life as for Ashoka's renunciation of militarism and far-flung advocacy of the Buddhist dhamma.
maisytuvai

medical marijuana in az

 
At 5:30 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

Accompanied by William de Roches, his seneschal in Anjou, he swung his mercenary army rapidly south to protect her.[65] His forces caught Arthur by surprise and captured the entire rebel leadership at the battle of Mirebeau.[65] With his southern flank weakening, Philip was forced to withdraw in the east and turn south himself to contain John's army
made to measure suit

cabo spa

 
At 5:45 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

The nature of government under the Angevin monarchs was ill-defined and uncertain. John's predecessors had ruled using the principle of vis et voluntas, or "force and will", taking executive and sometimes arbitrary decisions, often justified on the basis that a king was above the law.[79] Both Henry II and Richard had argued that kings possessed a quality of "divine majesty"; John continued this trend and claimed an "almost imperial status" for himself as ruler.[79] During the 12th century, there were contrary opinions expressed about
make money from home

electric gates

 
At 4:39 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

the chief ancient buildings at Sparta were the theatre, of which, however, little showed above ground except portions of the retaining walls; the so-called Tomb of Leonidas, a quadrangular building, perhaps a temple, constructed of immense blocks of stone and containing two chambers; the foundation of an ancient bridge over the Eurotas; the ruins of a circular structure; some remains of late Roman fortifications; several brick buildings and mosaic pavements.
forex managed accounts

g-20 los cabos

 
At 6:44 AM, Blogger aloalo said...

Most of the action takes place aboard a boat – the African Queen of the title – and scenes on board the boat were filmed using a large raft with a mockup of the boat on top. Sections of the boat set could be removed to make room for the large Technicolor camera. This proved hazardous on one occasion when the boat's boiler – a heavy copper replica – almost fell over onto Hepburn.
energy efficient lighting

Khajuraho

 
At 3:54 AM, Blogger uknowme said...

The irony is that the population "correction" (correction is a despicable term by the way) is primarily happening in countries that are not capitalist, consumerist, type of societies. Places where genocide (Darfur) or tsuanamis (Indonesia) or earthquakes (Pakistan) are occuring are in impoverished regions. These places are poor and can't, or don't, build adequate structures (whether paying independent police, implementing viable building codes or shelter, etc.) to prevent these things. The causes of these failed structures are usually a combo of economic, cultural, educational, moral, and religious factors.intercom systemsmanufacturing erp software

 
At 1:45 AM, Blogger uknowme said...

Accompanied by William de Roches, his seneschal in Anjou, he swung his mercenary army rapidly south to protect her.[65] His forces caught Arthur by surprise and captured the entire rebel leadership at the battle of Mirebeau.[65] With his southern flank weakening, Philip was forced to withdraw in the east and turn south himself to contain John's armycash drop

water ionizers

 
At 4:06 AM, Blogger uknowme said...

How some horrible disease is going to wipe out huge chunks of the population any year now, and how pleased he will be when that happens.
Free business listings

art

 
At 4:12 AM, Blogger uknowme said...

The first steps were taken toward self-government in British India in the late 19th century with the appointment of Indian counsellors to advise the British viceroy and the establishment of provincial councils with Indian members; the British subsequently widened participation in legislative councils with the Indian Councils Act of 1892. Municipal Corporations and
ключар

Cape Coral Foreclosures

 
At 3:05 AM, Blogger uknowme said...

he chief ancient buildings at Sparta were the theatre, of which, however, little showed above ground except portions of the retaining walls; the so-called Tomb of Leonidas, a quadrangular building, perhaps a temple, constructed of immense blocks of stone and containing two chambers; the foundation of an ancient bridge over the Eurotas; the ruins of a circular structure; some remains of late Roman fortifications; several brick buildings and mosaic pavements.
Textilien

life after backpacking

 
At 7:07 PM, Blogger cecillia said...

thank you, this website has provided very useful kawasaki ninja | honda cbr knowledge for me and others Thanks for reading

 

Post a Comment

<< Home